Alps of Bern
Panoramic and scenic pictures from the Alps of Bern.
About the Alps of Bern (Bernese Oberland)
- Population: around 100'000
- Language: German (Highest Alemannic German)
- Major Cities: Thun, Spiez, Interlaken, Brienz
The Bernese Oberland (Or Bernese Highlands) is located in the south of the Canton of Berne on the north side of the Alps. The central city is Interlaken, that, as the name suggest, is situated "between the lakes". The region can be reached from Berne and Brig in about 30 minutes, from Lucerne in 90 and Montreux in 120 minutes.
The landscape is dominated by the 4000 meter high mountain peaks with eternal snow, the glaciers, the valleys as well as Lake Brienz and Lake Thun. The main river is the Aare which originates in the Grimsel area and leaves the Oberland in direction of Berne.
Points of interest
A must is the ride to the Jungfraujoch. With 3454 meter above sea level, this is the most elevated train station in Europe. The region features multiple mountain railways and Gondolas that take you to breathtaking viewpoints. The Schilthorn (with the rotating Restaurant known from the James Bond movies) and the Brienzer Rothorn are just two of many. Worth a visit are as well the Beatus-Caves (Beatushoelen) and the Giessbach-Falls.
around 400 BC
Settlement of the Celtic Helvetians.
after 58 BC
Immigration of the German Alamanni tribe
Part of the Frankish Realm, then part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Creation of the monastery Interlaken.
The monastery Interlaken becomes a protectorate of Berne
Berne acquires the City of Thun
Berne joins the Swiss Confederation.
Independence of the Swiss Confederation from the Holy Roman Empire.
The troops of Napoleon occupy the region. Creation of the Canton Oberland.
The Oberland joins the Canton of Berne
Opening of the old Loetschberg-Tunnel
Opening of the Loetschberg Base-Tunnel